Although there isn’t a surefire way to eliminate them, there are some things you can do to keep them at a distance.
“Initially, they’re attracted by the carbon dioxide we exhale,” Dr Cameron Webb, a medical entomologist from University of Sydney wrote in an article for The Conversation.
“Body heat is probably important too, but once the mosquito gets closer, she will respond to the smell of a potential blood source’s skin.
Wear insect repellent
As the best form of protection against mozzies, Dr Webb says, “Wearing insect repellent like DEET or Picaridin gives the longest lasting protecting and are the most effective.”
“Plant-based repellents such as citronella or tea-tree oil need to be reapplied much more frequently to provide the same protection against mosquitoes," he adds.
“But it’s important to remember that insect repellent needs to be applied like sunscreen — to all exposed skin. A dab here or there won’t provide enough protection.”
Mosquitoes hate the smell of mint. Place mint plants around outdoor areas, or alternatively, you can spray some mint oil on your body.
Turn the fan on
The American Mosquito Control Association says mosquitoes are weak fliers, so a fan on the deck is a great way to keep the critters at bay. The New York Times also reports that the breeze from a fan "disperses the human emanations that allow female mosquitos [the gender that bites us] to zero in on us." It’s really that simple.
Don’t wear black
An article published in The Mirror says wearing black, blue or green clothing can attract mosquitoes. If you plan on being outdoors in an area prone to mozzies, wear white or light coloured clothing.
Keep an eye out for likely breeding grounds
Standing water is the perfect breeding ground for mozzies. Keep an eye out for any old pots or buckets around your home that have filled up with old water.