The essential technique is used for projects that require a closed centre, such as amigurumi, like this Freddie Mercury doll, or other round or circular items. The adjustable loop allows you to control the size of the centre hole by pulling the yarn tail to tighten or close the loop, providing a neat and secure centre for your work.
Are magic loop and magic ring the same thing?
"Magic ring" and "magic loop" are often used interchangeably in crochet and refer to the same technique of creating an adjustable loop for starting crochet projects in the round.
It's important to carefully follow the specific instructions in your pattern or tutorial to ensure you use the magic ring or magic loop technique correctly for your project.
How do you crochet a magic ring (magic loop) for beginners?
To start a magic loop, don’t make a slip knot. Instead, make a loop with the yarn, leaving a tail around 10 cm long. Make sure the tail end is under the working yarn.
Now, insert your hook into the loop from front to back. Wrap the working yarn around the hook and pull the yarn through the loop.
Make a t-ch (turning chain) for the stitches you want to work. Work your stitches into the magic loop over both the loop and the tail end (so two yarn strands).
More on the turning chain at the bottom of this article.
Once you’ve worked the first round of stitches, simply pull the tail end of the yarn to draw up the ring. Work a slip stitch to join the last and first stitches to finish the first round.
How to make a foundation ring
An alternative method when crocheting in the round is to make a small foundation chain to work your stitches in. Here's how to do it.
Make a chain the length stated in the pattern instructions. Next, insert the crochet hook into the first chain. Close the ring with a slip stitch, working yarn round hook.
... And pull the yarn through two loops on the hook. Now you're ready to start crocheting in the round, following the instructions given.
How to make a turning chain (T-CH)
In crochet, you need to add a turning chains to the beginning of rows. The reason for this is to bring the hook up to the height of the stitches you're crocheting. Each basic stitch has it's own number of chains. The table below tells you how many r-ch stitches form the first stitch. *For dc, usually the turning chain does not count as a stitch, and the first stitch of the row is worked into the stitch at the base of the turning chain.